A mom gives inhaler to her daughter with asthma

Breathe Without Difficulties

Asthma is a chronic lung condition that makes it hard to breathe. Asthma affects people of all ages, but it usually develops during childhood.

Germantown Pediatric and Family Medicine LLC specializes in diagnosing and treating asthma in children, teens, and adults. For expert asthma care, please call the Germantown, Tennessee office or schedule an appointment online today.

Asthma Q&A

What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affects the airway passages. People with asthma experience inflammation and swelling in the airway passages, making breathing difficult.

Though researchers are still investigating what causes asthma, it’s known that the breathing condition develops because of a strong immune reaction that affects the lungs.

The immune response may occur when something foreign enters the lungs, such as an allergen like pollen grass or an infection. However, the inflammation and narrowing that affects the airways in the lungs may also occur from other causes, such as exercise or emotional stress.

Asthma is a chronic disease that may worsen or get better over time. Proper management of the lung condition may prevent asthma attacks. Germantown Pediatric and Family Medicine LLC provides comprehensive asthma care.

What are the symptoms of asthma?

Asthma symptoms vary in severity and frequency. Some people have asthma symptoms daily, while others may have symptoms only a few times a year. For some, asthma symptoms are mild; for others, they are life-threatening.

Symptoms of asthma include:

  • Shortness of breath.
  • Wheezing on the exhale.
  • Chest tightness.
  • Chest pain.
  • Coughing.

An asthma attack is an acute condition in which there’s a worsening of symptoms. These attacks may come on gradually or suddenly and require specialized medical care. 

How is asthma diagnosed?

Germantown Pediatric and Family Medicine LLC conducts a comprehensive history and physical to diagnose asthma. Your provider reviews your symptoms, medical history, and family history.

To assess lung function, they perform pulmonary function tests. Your provider may also test for allergies, which are common asthma triggers.

How is asthma treated?

Germantown Pediatric and Family Medicine LLC takes a conservative and holistic approach to care. Your provider individualizes your asthma treatment plan based on your symptoms’ severity and asthma triggers.

Asthma treatment may include:

  • Control medications (e.g., corticosteroids, inhaled long-acting bronchodilators.)
  • Short-term relief medications for asthma attacks (short-acting bronchodilators.)
  • Allergy medication.
  • Healthy diet.
  • Stress management.

Your provider also helps you develop an asthma action plan that outlines how to manage an asthma attack and recognize the signs and symptoms when asthma worsens.

Call Germantown Pediatric and Family Medicine LLC for comprehensive asthma care, or schedule an appointment online today. 

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